Wasgamuwa national park is on of the wild life hotspot of Sri Lanka. The name Wasgamuwa in Sinhala language mean forest of sloth bear. It was originally declared by English government as a strict nature reserve in 1938 and later change as a national park in 1984. The park lies within central and north- central provinces. The land covered totally is 39,322 ha.
Park consists of riverine forest, dry mixed evergreen forest, grasslands and wetlands. It is almost surrounded by Mahaweli and Amban Rivers, riverine forest area is fairly large. Flora of the park consists of Palu (Manilkara hexandra), Weera (Drypetes sepiaria), Satin (Chloroxylon swietenia), Wa (Cassia roxburghii),GalSiyambala(Dialium ovoideum) and Ebony (Diospyros ebenum). The riverine forest dominated by Kumbuk (Terminalia arjuna), Mee (Madhuca longifoloa) and Thimbiri(Diospyros malabarica). Grasslands mainly consist of (Imperata cylindrica).
Wasgamuwa is famous as an elephant jungle. These elephants are known to be less habituated to people and are more wildish. Other than elephant, leopard, sloth bear, sambhur, spotted and barking deer,wild boar and wild buffalo are also found here. Torque Macaque, Purple face leaf monkey and nocturnal slender Loris is also found in the park. Lesser Adjutant stork, Wooly necked stork, open bill stork, painted stork, Racket tailed Drongo, Yellow fronted barbet, Sri Lanka Jungle fowl, Spur fowl are among the more than 100 species of birds found within the park.
We operate safari tours from Kandy to there. It is difficult but nice journey. If it is one day tour sure be very late. There are two roads to go there. The famous 17 hair pin bents road and drive up to Hasalaka and turn to Wasgauwa road. This is a panoramic drive. In the morning can be visit Gurulupota, Sita Kotuwa cave and waterfall or Rathna Ella waterfall, Vaddha the bushman village. Other road is passing Pitawala pathana in the Knuckles range and drive up to the park. This also a also a drive with panoramic views and lot of natural swimming pools on the way.